7 Types of Foundations and the Pros and Cons of Each

Full Basement: A full basement foundation utilizes concrete to create a base with tall walls, typically measuring at least 8 feet in height. This type of foundation is mostly underground, offering additional living space and storage options for homeowners.

Daylight Basement: A daylight basement features one or more sides completely embedded in the ground while others are exposed, allowing for increased natural light and airflow. Ideal for split residences or basement apartments.

Crawl Space: Similar to basements, crawl space foundations consist of poured concrete walls on deep footings. However, crawl space walls are shorter, typically measuring 2 to 3 feet tall. 

Slab-on-Grade: A slab-on-grade foundation consists of a single concrete slab, making it quick and easy to construct. Common in warm to moderate climates, this foundation type is not suitable for areas prone to freezing temperatures.

Poured Concrete: Poured concrete is the most common material used for residential foundations due to its versatility, durability, and resistance. It is used in various foundation types, including full basements.

Pier and Beam: Pier and beam foundations elevate the house above flood levels, making them ideal for areas near large bodies of water. Built with sturdy wooden or concrete piles, this foundation type supports broad beam structures.

Insulated Concrete Form (ICF): ICF foundations consist of insulated forms filled with poured concrete, offering high energy efficiency and resistance to moisture and pests.